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  • Personal contacts
  • School career planning and placement offices
  • Employers
  • Classified ads
    • National and local newspapers
    • Professional journals
    • Trade magazines
  • Internet networks and resources
  • State employment service offices
  • Federal Government
  • Professional associations
  • Labor unions
  • Private employment agencies and career consultants
  • Community agencies

Learn about: Job Search Methods

What Usually Goes into a Resume

  • Name, address, e-mail address, and telephone number.
  • Employment objective. State the type of work or specific job you are seeking.
  • Education, including school name and address, dates of attendance, curriculum, and highest grade completed or degree awarded. Consider including any courses or areas of focus that might be relevant to the position.
  • Experience, paid and volunteer. For each job, include the job title, name and location of employer, and dates of employment. Briefly describe your job duties.
  • Special skills, computer skills, proficiency in foreign languages, achievements, and membership in organizations.
  • References, only when requested.
  • Keep it short; only one page for less experienced applicants.
  • Avoid long paragraphs; use bullets to highlight key skills and accomplishments.
  • Have a friend review your resume for any spelling or grammatical errors.
  • Print it on high quality paper.

When you fill out an application form, make sure you fill it out completely and follow all instructions. Do not omit any requested information and make sure that the information you provide is correct.

Learn about: Job Interview Tips

Job Interview Tips

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Interviewing. An interview gives you the opportunity to showcase your qualifications to an employer, so it pays to be well prepared. The information in the accompanying box provides some helpful hints.

Job interview tips

Preparation:

  • Learn about the organization.
  • Have a specific job or jobs in mind.
  • Review your qualifications for the job.
  • Prepare answers to broad questions about yourself.
  • Review your resume.
  • Practice an interview with a friend or relative.
  • Arrive before the scheduled time of your interview.

Personal appearance:

  • Be well groomed.
  • Dress appropriately.
  • Do not chew gum or smoke.

The interview:

  • Relax and answer each question concisely.
  • Respond promptly.
  • Use good manners.
  • Learn the name of your interviewer and shake hands as you meet.
  • Use proper English—avoid slang.
  • Be cooperative and enthusiastic.
  • Ask questions about the position and the organization.
  • Thank the interviewer when you leave and, as a followup, in writing.

Test (if employer gives one):

  • Listen closely to instructions.
  • Read each question carefully.
  • Write legibly and clearly.
  • Budget your time wisely and don’t dwell on one question.

Information to bring to an interview:

  • Social Security card.
  • Government-issued identification (driver’s license).
  • Resume. Although not all employers require applicants to bring a resume, you should be able to furnish the interviewer information about your education, training, and previous employment.
  • References. Employers typically require three references. Get permission before using anyone as a reference. Make sure that they will give you a good reference. Try to avoid using relatives as references.

Learn about: Evaluating a Job Offer

It takes some people a great deal of time and effort to find a job they enjoy. Others may walk right into an ideal employment situation. Do not be discouraged if you have to pursue many leads. Friends, neighbors, teachers, and counselors may know of available jobs in your field of interest. Read the classified ads. Consult State employment service offices and consider private employment agencies. You also may contact employers directly.

Evaluating a Job Offer

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Once you receive a job offer, you are faced with a difficult decision and must evaluate the offer carefully. Fortunately, most organizations will not expect you to accept or reject an offer immediately.

There are many issues to consider when assessing a job offer. Will the organization be a good place to work? Will the job be interesting? Are there opportunities for advancement? Is the salary fair? Does the employer offer good benefits? If you have not already figured out exactly what you want, the following discussion may help you to develop a set of criteria for judging job offers, whether you are starting a career, reentering the labor force after a long absence, or planning a career change.

The organization. Background information on an organization can help you to decide whether it is a good place for you to work. Factors to consider include the organization’s business or activity, financial condition, age, size, and location.

You generally can get background information on an organization, particularly a large organization, on its Internet site or by telephoning its public relations office. A public company’s annual report to the stockholders tells about its corporate philosophy, history, products or services, goals, and financial status. Most government agencies can furnish reports that describe their programs and missions. Press releases, company newsletters or magazines, and recruitment brochures also can be useful. Ask the organization for any other items that might interest a prospective employee. If possible, speak to current or former employees of the organization.

Background information on the organization may be available at your public or school library. If you cannot get an annual report, check the library for reference directories that may provide basic facts about the company, such as earnings, products and services, and number of employees. Some directories widely available in libraries include:

  • Dun & Bradstreet’s Million Dollar Directory
  • Standard and Poor’s Register of Corporations
  • Moody’s Industrial Manual
  • Thomas’ Register of American Manufacturers
  • Ward’s Business Directory

Stories about an organization in magazines and newspapers can tell a great deal about its successes, failures, and plans for the future. You can identify articles on a company by looking under its name in periodical or computerized indexes in libraries. However, it probably will not be useful to look back more than 2 or 3 years.

The library also may have government publications that present projections of growth for the industry in which the organization is classified. Long-term projections of employment and output for detailed industries, covering the entire U.S. economy, are developed by the Bureau of Labor Statistics and revised every 2 years—see the February 2004 Monthly Labor Review for the most recent projections, covering the 2002-12 period, on the Internet at: http://www.bls.gov/opub/mlr/mlrhome.htm. Trade magazines also may include articles on the trends for specific industries.

Career centers at colleges and universities often have information on employers that is not available in libraries. Ask a career-center representative how to find out about a particular organization.

Does the organization’s business or activity match your own interests and beliefs?
It is easier to apply yourself to the work if you are enthusiastic about what the organization does.

How will the size of the organization affect you?
Large firms generally offer a greater variety of training programs and career paths, more managerial levels for advancement, and better employee benefits than small firms. Large employers may also have more advanced technologies. However, jobs in large firms may tend to be highly specialized.

Jobs in small firms may offer broader authority and responsibility, a closer working relationship with top management, and a chance to clearly see your contribution to the success of the organization.

Should you work for a relatively new organization or one that is well established?
New businesses have a high failure rate, but for many people, the excitement of helping create a company and the potential for sharing in its success more than offset the risk of job loss. However, it may be just as exciting and rewarding to work for a young firm that already has a foothold on success.

Does it make a difference if the company is private or public?
An individual or a family may control a privately owned company and key jobs may be reserved for relatives and friends. A board of directors responsible to the stockholders controls a publicly owned company and key jobs are usually open to anyone.

Is the organization in an industry with favorable long-term prospects?
The most successful firms tend to be in industries that are growing rapidly.

Nature of the job. Even if everything else about the job is attractive, you will be unhappy if you dislike the day-to-day work. Determining in advance whether you will like the work may be difficult. However, the more you find out about the job before accepting or rejecting the offer, the more likely you are to make the right choice. Actually working in the industry and, if possible, for the company would provide considerable insight. You can gain work experience through part-time, temporary, or summer jobs, or through internship or work-study programs while in school, all of which can lead to permanent job offers.

Where is the job located?
If the job is in another section of the country, you need to consider the cost of living, the availability of housing and transportation, and the quality of educational and recreational facilities in that section of the country. Even if the job location is in your area, you should consider the time and expense of commuting.

Does the work match your interests and make good use of your skills?
The duties and responsibilities of the job should be explained in enough detail to answer this question.

How important is the job in this company?
An explanation of where you fit in the organization and how you are supposed to contribute to its overall objectives should give you an idea of the job’s importance.

Are you comfortable with the hours?
Most jobs involve regular hours—for example, 40 hours a week, during the day, Monday through Friday. Other jobs require night, weekend, or holiday work. In addition, some jobs routinely require overtime to meet deadlines or sales or production goals, or to better serve customers. Consider the effect the work hours will have on your personal life.

How long do most people who enter this job stay with the company?
High turnover can mean dissatisfaction with the nature of the work or something else about the job.

Opportunities offered by employers. A good job offers you opportunities to learn new skills, increase your earnings, and rise to positions of greater authority, responsibility, and prestige. A lack of opportunities can dampen interest in the work and result in frustration and boredom.

The company should have a training plan for you. What valuable new skills does the company plan to teach you?

The employer should give you some idea of promotion possibilities within the organization. What is the next step on the career ladder? If you have to wait for a job to become vacant before you can be promoted, how long does this usually take? When opportunities for advancement do arise, will you compete with applicants from outside the company? Can you apply for jobs for which you qualify elsewhere within the organization, or is mobility within the firm limited?

Salaries and benefits. Wait for the employer to introduce these subjects. Some companies will not talk about pay until they have decided to hire you. In order to know if their offer is reasonable, you need a rough estimate of what the job should pay. You may have to go to several sources for this information. Try to find family, friends, or acquaintances who recently were hired in similar jobs. Ask your teachers and the staff in placement offices about starting pay for graduates with your qualifications. Help-wanted ads in newspapers sometimes give salary ranges for similar positions. Check the library or your school’s career center for salary surveys such as those conducted by the National Association of Colleges and Employers or various professional associations.

If you are considering the salary and benefits for a job in another geographic area, make allowances for differences in the cost of living, which may be significantly higher in a large metropolitan area than in a smaller city, town, or rural area.

You also should learn the organization’s policy regarding overtime. Depending on the job, you may or may not be exempt from laws requiring the employer to compensate you for overtime. Find out how many hours you will be expected to work each week and whether you receive overtime pay or compensatory time off for working more than the specified number of hours in a week.

Also take into account that the starting salary is just that—the start. Your salary should be reviewed on a regular basis; many organizations do it every year. How much can you expect to earn after 1, 2, or 3 or more years? An employer cannot be specific about the amount of pay if it includes commissions and bonuses.

Benefits can also add a lot to your base pay, but they vary widely. Find out exactly what the benefit package includes and how much of the costs you must bear.

National, State, and metropolitan area data from the National Compensation Survey, which integrates data from three existing Bureau of Labor Statistics programs—the Employment Cost Index, the Occupational Compensation Survey, and the Employee Benefits Survey—are available from:

  • Bureau of Labor Statistics, Office of Compensation Levels and Trends, 2 Massachusetts Ave. NE., Room 4175, Washington, DC 20212-0001. Telephone: (202) 691-6199 begin_of_the_skype_highlighting   (202) 691-6199 end_of_the_skype_highlighting.
    Internet: http://www.bls.gov/ncs/

Data on earnings by detailed occupation from the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) Survey are available from:

  • Bureau of Labor Statistics, Office of Employment and Unemployment Statistics, Occupational Employment Statistics, 2 Massachusetts Ave. NE., Room 2135, Washington, DC 20212-0001. Telephone: (202) 691-6569 begin_of_the_skype_highlighting   (202) 691-6569 end_of_the_skype_highlighting.
    Internet: http://www.bls.gov/oes/

Applying for a Job

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Breaking into cold sweat and being dumbfounded while on the interview seat thinking hard of how to answer a tough interview question could be disastrous especially when that is the particularinterview_question_1 job you are eyeing for.

But sweat no more as here at www.job-interview-question, we have prepared some simple and yet essential tips on how you can ace that job interview and answer some of the most common interview questions.

Types of interviews that you might go through:

1.   The Screening Interview

       This is like a preliminary round of interview when it is likely to begin in the human resources department.  Interview questions you would be most likely asked are about your qualifications, the number of years of experience, the willingness to relocate and etc.

2.   The Stress Interview

       In this type of interview, you would find yourself like undergoing an interrogation.  Stress interview questions are actually designed to make you feel confused, fearful and defensive.  If you could remain calm, ready and composed during this type of interview, you would have already won half the battle.

3.   The Situational Interview

       In situational interview, Interviewers will usually hypothetically present the candidates with situations that might happen on the job.  The situational interview will require the candidates to resolve a problematic situation that will eventually lead to success.

4.    The Team Interview

       The interviewers may comprise of members of the prospective department you are applying for or a mixture of employees from throughout the company who you might have to work together with.  The advantage of team interview for the candidate is your interview performance is not the subjective opinion of just one person.  If one interviewer disagrees, the others might not.

Job Interview Tips

Here are some interview tips to that will help you through the grueling job interview:

Job Interview Tip 1 : Always prepare yourself for any job  interview

Prior to attending any interview, you should always prepare yourself physically and mentally to avoid any hiccups.  You should be prepared to answer all interview questions calmly and spontaneously.

Job Interview Preparation Activities:

  • Prepare a list of your qualifications, experiences and personality and how these may help you sell yourself on the job you are applying for.  If you are applying for a company which is look for go-getter salesman, you had better not project a timid and overcautious self-image in the interview room.
  • Research on the company. The more your know about the company the better.  Visit the library, read trade magazines, newspapers, company brochures and reports that will bring you up to date with the company's latest development.
  • Know your strengths.  Write down on paper your skills and qualities and match it with the job description in the advertisement.  Think how the company would benefit by choosing you, rather than another candidate.
  • Know your weaknesses.  Good interviewers are trained well at finding weaknesses in a candidate.  Be prepared to provide explanations to job interview questions that will turn things to your advantages.
  • Practice the interview questions  with your friend or spouse. This will enable you to correct any costly mistake you do not wish to make during an a real job interview.

Job Interview Tip 2 : Keep a smiling face during job interview

Smiling does not only lighten up your day but also the person who sees you, in this case the interviewer.  Who would not want to see a smiling and such a pleasant person?  But be careful not to overdo it.  Otherwise, it would look more like a pasted-on grin that would not look sincere.

Job Interview Tip 3 : Make eye contact when answering job interview questions

When talking to someone and still maintain eye contact, you will project yourself as confident.  However, you should avoid non-stop staring as this will make the interviewer feel uneasy.

Job Interview Tip 4: Be positive during job interview session

Pepper your conversation with lots of positive words. In other words, avoid using negative words as much as possible.  After all, interviewers are always looking people who talks positively.

Job Interview Tip 5 : Talk with enthusiasm when answering job interview questions

Show the interviewer your enthusiasm in the job you are applying for.  Highlight your skills and experience and what benefits you would bring to the company.

Job Interview Tip 6 : Relax and enjoy the job interview

Relax yourself, especially your mind, when undergoing an interview.  Imagine you are just updating an old friend on your current personal particulars and what you have been doing.  Occasionally, mention about what you have achieved.  You will feel less pressured and consequently you will have a free flow of ideas on how to express yourself and answer the interview questions confidently.

We have also included a small collection of words and phrases that you might want to consider using during interview sessions.  The words are strong and positive.  With the usage of the words from the wordlist , you may be able to leave a good impression in your interviewer's mind.

Wishing you success in your next interview.

How to Rule at Your Interview

Four tips to help you cope with your first interview

 

Next week is your first interview for a summer internship, and the last-minute jitters have set in. Relax! Your prospective employer has set up the interview because he or she is interested in you and wants to hear more about you and your skills. This is your chance to make yourself shine and land an exciting opportunity.

Rule #1: Come prepared or don't come at all

Before you set out for your interview, do some research on the company. Find out about their product or services, major competitors, philosophy, history, and size. Just like your college search, you want to know what you are getting into. Not to mention the fact that the interviewer will be very impressed with your knowledge of their company.

You should also do a self-assessment prior to arriving at the interview session. Look over your résumé and be able to explain your interests, abilities, experiences, and values as they relate to the job. Be prepared for the ambiguous first question: “So, tell me about yourself.”

Rule #2: Practice, practice, practice

Find a family member, friend, or career counselor to role-play an interview with you. Go over some frequently asked interview questions, which you can find at the career counseling office at school. Here's a short list of common questions you will be asked, but you should also come with some questions for the interviewer.

  • Why are you interested in working at this company?

  • What are your strengths/weaknesses?

  • What are your long-term goals?

  • What did you like and dislike about your last job?

Rule #3: Dress to impress

Buff up dad's old wing-tipped shoes, break out your graduation suit, and head to the barbershop because it is almost interview day! No, seriously. You will need to look alert and well groomed, so get to bed early the night before and get up early in the morning to shower, groom yourself, and shine your shoes.

Rule #4: Close the deal

While you are in the interview, collect business cards from everyone you meet with that day. Once you get back home, you should write a thank-you note to each individual person, recognizing that they took time out of their busy day to meet with you. Show your appreciation and express how interested you are in the position.

If you follow these simple rules, you will be well on your way to landing the job of your dreams!

Carlin Carr is a communications writer for Trinity College in Hartford, Connecticut, and recently worked as an admissions counselor at Post University. Carlin received her bachelor's degree in English from Mount Holyoke College and her master's degree in literature and publishing from the National University of Ireland, Galway (NUIG). After graduating from NUIG, Carlin moved to Parma, Italy, to teach English before returning to the states.




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